Progression and Transition to Secondary Education: How Wide Are the Disparities within and between Slum and Non-Slum Communities?
Frederick Mugisha, African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC)
Inequities in transition to secondary schooling are a major source of subsequent disadvantage in employment, health and life chances. The slum population posses an even greater challenge, especially in Africa; in part due to increasing urbanization and slum conditions, which exacerbate subsequent inequities. But how wide are these inequities? We use six-year retrospective data (2005-2000) from slum and non-slum areas of Nairobi to construct cohorts at primary school level, 1, 4, 7 and 8 in year 2000 and follow them to 2005. Results show wide differences in secondary school transition between non-slum and slum children. For primary 1 cohort, 99 percent non-slum and 97 percent slum children are in school after follow-up. In contrast however, in primary 7 cohort, its 86 percent in non-slum and 28 percent in slum. This will likely disadvantage slum children to achieve universal primary school access and completion, gender equity, and decent work for youth.
Presented in Poster Session 2