Understanding Gender Differences in HIV-Related Knowledge, Attitudes, and Sexual Behaviors in Zambia

Andrea Plautz, Tulane University
Elizabeth Nauman, Tulane University

This study characterizes gender differences in HIV-related knowledge, attitudes, and sexual behaviors among 15-49 year old men and women in Zambia. Data are from the 2005 baseline Zambia Health Communication Survey, conducted among females and males from randomly selected households in 36 districts in all nine provinces. Using logistic regression and controlling for sociodemographic variation, we assessed differences in knowledge, attitudes, and sexual behaviors between men and women. Logistic regression results were converted to adjusted proportions to facilitate interpretation. Preliminary results show meaningful gender differences in condom use, ability to obtain condoms, and acceptance of women carrying condoms and negotiating use. Identifying key gender differences allows for better understanding of the HIV epidemic in Zambia and provides critical information for developing successful HIV/AIDS prevention strategies.

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Presented in Poster Session 1